An introduction to the analysis of narcissistic personality disorder

Actuarials showed moderate to good predictive accuracy, and a combination of static and stable risk factors Static and Stable significantly improved the predictive power for sexual reoffense. Therefore, these factors are of particular significance to assessors and treatment providers. In addition, risk assessments and the determination of treatment gains, or the lack thereof, a central concern for decision makers, who need to balance the interests of the offender, the community, and potential future victims.

An introduction to the analysis of narcissistic personality disorder

Classification and epidemiology

They will do this virtually in the same sentence, without even stopping to take a breath. It can be trivial e. When you ask them which one they mean, they'll deny ever saying the first one, though it may literally have been only seconds since they said it -- really, how could you think they'd ever have said that?

You need to have your head examined! They will lie to you about things that you did together. They will misquote you to yourself. If you disagree with them, they'll say you're lying, making stuff up, or are crazy. Normal people can behave irrationally under emotional stress -- be confused, deny things they know, get sort of paranoid, want to be babied when they're in pain.

But normal people recover pretty much within an hour or two or a day or two, and, with normal people, your expressions of love and concern for their welfare will be taken to heart. They will be stabilized by your emotional and moral support.

Not so with narcissists -- the surest way I know of to get a crushing blow to your heart is to tell a narcissist you love her or him.

Indian Social Worker: Introduction to Narcissistic Personality Disorder

They will respond with a nasty power move, such as telling you to do things entirely their way or else be banished from them for ever. Trying to reform narcissists by reasoning with them or by appealing to their better nature is about as effective as spitting in the ocean. What you see is what you get: The fundamental problem here is that narcissists lack empathy.

Lacking empathy is a profound disturbance to the narcissist's thinking cognition and feeling affectivity. Even when very intelligent, narcissists can't reason well. One I've worked with closely does something I characterize as "analysis by eggbeater.

Discussions with narcissists can be really weird and disconcerting; they seem to think that using some of the same words means that they are following a line of conversation or reasoning. Thus, they will go off on tangents and irrelevancies, apparently in the blithe delusion that they understand what others are talking about.

And, frankly, they don't hear all the words, either. They can pay attention only to stuff that has them in it. This is not merely a bad habit -- it's a cognitive deficiency.

Narcissists pay attention only to themselves and stuff that affects them personally. However, since they don't know what other people are doing, narcissists can't judge what will affect them personally and seem never to learn that when they cause trouble they will get trouble back. They won't take other people's feelings into consideration and so they overlook the fact that other people will react with feeling when abused or exploited and that most people get really pissed off by being lied to or lied about.

Their moral intelligence is about at the level of a bright five- or six-year-old; the only rules they recognize are things that have been specifically required, permitted, prohibited, or disapproved of by authority figures they know personally.

Anyhow, narcissists can't be counted on not to do something just because it's wrong, illegal, or will hurt someone, as long as they think that they can get away with it or that you can't stop them or punish them i.

For instance, one I knew once became incensed over an article published in a national magazine -- not for its content exactly, but because she could have written something just as good.

An introduction to the analysis of narcissistic personality disorder

Maybe she could have -- she hadn't, but that little lapse on her part was beside the point to her. They are constantly comparing themselves and whatever they feel belongs to them, such as their children and furniture to other people. Narcissists feel that, unless they are better than anyone else, they are worse than everybody in the whole world.

This seems to spring, at base, from their general lack of empathy, and it comes out as at best a dismissive attitude towards other people's feelings, wishes, needs, concerns, standards, property, work, etc.

Narcissistic Personality Disorder (NPD) : Traits discussed

It is also connected to their overall negative outlook on life. They think that they must be seen as perfect or superior or infallible, next to god-like if not actually divine, then sitting on the right hand of God -- or else they are worthless.

There's no middle ground of ordinary normal humanity for narcissists. They can't tolerate the least disagreement. In fact, if you say, "Please don't do that again -- it hurts," narcissists will turn around and do it again harder to prove that they were right the first time; their reasoning seems to be something like "I am a good person and can do no wrong; therefore, I didn't hurt you and you are lying about it now Anyhow, narcissists are habitually cruel in little ways, as well as big ones, because they're paying attention to their fantasy and not to you, but the bruises on you are REAL, not in your imagination.

Thus, no matter how gently you suggest that they might do better to change their ways or get some help, they will react in one of two equally horrible ways: Be wary of wandering into this dragon's cave -- narcissists will say ANYTHING, they will trash anyone in their own self-justification, and then they will expect the immediate restoration of the status quo.

They will attack you sometimes physically and spew a load of bile, insult, abuse, contempt, threats, etc. Now I feel better. They will say you are nothing, worthless, and turn around immediately and say that they love you. When you object to this kind of treatment, they will say, "You just have to accept me the way I am.The following links, while perhaps exhausting, are not exhaustive, but most of the stuff on the Web about personality disorders is about Borderline and most of the stuff on NPD is no more than repetitions of the DSM-IV criteria.

abstracts of research articles on NPD Narcissistic Personality Disorder "Narcissistic Personality: A Stable Disorder or a State of Mind?". Narcissistic Personality Disorder and Patrick Bateman Tien Nguyen Pasadena City College Narcissistic Personality Disorder and Patrick Bateman Overview For this psychological disorder analysis paper, I picked the movie American Psycho.

The Borderline of Asperger’s: The similarities and differences between Borderline Personality Disorder and Autism. Narcissistic Personality Disorder is a long-term pattern of abnormal thinking, feeling, and behavior in many different situations.

How Do Individuals Deal With Inner Pain and Emotional Insecurity?

The traits on this page will seem peculiar or disturbing when someone acts this way -- i.e., you will know that something is not right, and . The narcissistic personality disorder patient’s grandiose self).

The self-object concept in therapy refers to a relationship between patient and therapist in . Many leaders dominating business today have what psychoanalysts call a narcissistic personality. That’s good news for companies that need passion and daring to break new ground.

But even.

Dying to Eat: The Treatment of Severe Eating Disorders by Deirdra Price, Ph.D.