Personality Theory and Research: Suggested readings Overviews The field of personality has changed a great deal in the past 20 years and the textbooks in the field have finally caught up with the changes.
Extraversion, Agreeableness, Conscientiousness, Neuroticism sometimes named by its polar opposite, Emotional Stabilityand Openness to Experience sometimes named Intellect.
Highly extraverted individuals are assertive and sociable, rather than quiet and reserved. Agreeable individuals are cooperative and polite, rather than antagonistic and rude. Conscientious individuals are task-focused and orderly, rather than distractible and disorganized. Neurotic individuals are prone to experiencing negative emotions, such as anxiety, depression, and irritation, rather than being emotionally resilient.
Finally, highly open individuals have a broad rather than narrow range of interests, are sensitive rather than indifferent to art and beauty, and prefer novelty to routine. Fourth, it references a series of handbook chapters that each consider an individual Big Five domain in depth Individual Domains.
Sixth, the article discusses the biological and social origins of the Big Five Biological and Social Bases. Seventh, the article considers stability and change in the Big Five across the life span as well as the developmental mechanisms underlying stability and change Development.
Finally, this article cites evidence that the Big Five influences a variety of important behaviors and life outcomes, from political attitudes to psychopathology Predicting Behaviors and Life Outcomes. Digman and Goldberg focus on its historical development. McCrae and John considers its possible theoretical and practical applications.
Emergence of the five-factor model. Annual Review of Psychology It also reviews research relating the Big Five to behavior.
The structure of phenotypic personality traits.More about the personality project. Started in , the Personality-Project is meant to share the excitement of scientific personality theory and research with fellow academic researchers, with students, and with those interested in personality research.
The Quick Guide to the 16 Personality Types in Organizations is written by leading experts in the theory of personality type and its applications. This booklet helps you develop your personal effectiveness within the workplace by providing two full pages of information about each of the sixteen personality types under the topics of Problem Solving, Leadership, Creativity, Teams, Stress.
Many employers utilize personality tests in the employment selection process to identify people who have more than just the knowledge and skills necessary to be successful in their jobs. If anecdotes are to be believed—Dilbert must be getting at something [ ].
A personality test is a method of assessing human personality constructs. Most personality assessment instruments (despite being loosely referred to as "personality tests") are in fact introspective (i.e., subjective) self-report questionnaire (Q-data) measures or reports from life records (L-data) such as rating scales.
Attempts to construct actual performance tests of personality have been. The Big Five personality traits, also known as the five-factor model (FFM), and the OCEAN model, is a taxonomy for personality traits. It is based on common language descriptors. When factor analysis (a statistical technique) is applied to personality survey data, some words used to describe aspects of personality are often applied to the same person..
For example, someone described as. Personality Theory A Brief Survey of the Field Today and Some Possible Future Directions Robert E. Beneckson The scientific study of personality as a focus within the larger field of psychology must begin with a definition of the term itself.