Child development chart

When children are behind in speech or comprehension, Zeltsman says the likely culprit is hearing loss due to recurrent ear infections. A less common cause is autismparticularly if the child also has difficulty interacting socially. Children who are exposed to more than one language also may have expressive speech delays, but usually catch up around age 2. Other causes of significant delays include genetic disorders such as Down syndrome and developmental disabilities such as cerebral palsy or mental retardation.

Child development chart

Nature versus nurture Although developmental change runs parallel with chronological age, [30] age itself cannot cause development. Environmental factors affecting development may include both diet and disease exposure, as well as social, emotional, and cognitive experiences.

Plasticity of this type can occur throughout the lifespan and may involve many kinds of behavior, including some emotional reactions. Genetic-environmental correlations are circumstances in which genetic factors make certain experiences more likely to occur.

In all of these cases, it becomes difficult to know whether child characteristics were shaped by genetic factors, by experiences, or by a combination of the two. What relevant aspects of the individual change over a period of time?

What are the rate and speed of development? What are the mechanisms of development — what aspects of experience and heredity cause Child development chart change? Are there typical individual differences in the relevant developmental changes?

Child development chart there population differences in this aspect of development for example, differences in the development of boys and of girls?

5 - 10 year old child development - Kiwi Families

Empirical research that attempts to answer these questions may follow a number of patterns. Initially, observational research in naturalistic conditions may be needed to develop a narrative describing and defining an aspect of developmental change, such as changes in reflex reactions in the first year.

Such studies examine the characteristics of children at different ages. Some child development studies examine the effects of experience or heredity by comparing characteristics of different groups of children in a necessarily non-randomized design. Child development stages Milestones are changes in specific physical and mental abilities such as walking and understanding language that mark the end of one developmental period and the beginning of another.

Studies of the accomplishment of many developmental tasks have established typical chronological ages associated with developmental milestones. However, there is considerable variation in the achievement of milestones, even between children with developmental trajectories within the typical range.

Some milestones are more variable than others; for example, receptive speech indicators do not show much variation among children with typical hearing, but expressive speech milestones can be quite variable.

Prevention of and early intervention in developmental delay are significant topics in the study of child development. Increased knowledge of age-specific milestones allows parents and others to keep track of appropriate development. Here are descriptions of the development of a number of physical and mental characteristics.

Speed and pattern[ edit ] The speed of physical growth is rapid in the months after birth, then slows, so birth weight is doubled in the first four months, tripled by age 12 months, but not quadrupled until 24 months. At birth, head size is already relatively near to that of an adult, but the lower parts of the body are much smaller than adult size.

In the course of development, then, the head grows relatively little, and torso and limbs undergo a great deal of growth. However, genetic factors can produce the maximum growth only if environmental conditions are adequate. Some of these differences are due to family genetic factors, others to environmental factors, but at some points in development they may be strongly influenced by individual differences in reproductive maturation.

Motor[ edit ] A child learning to walk Abilities for physical movement change through childhood from the largely reflexive unlearned, involuntary movement patterns of the young infant to the highly skilled voluntary movements characteristic of later childhood and adolescence.

Definition[ edit ] "Motor learning refers to the increasing spatial and temporal accuracy of movements with practice". Speed and pattern[ edit ] The speed of motor development is rapid in early life, as many of the reflexes of the newborn alter or disappear within the first year, and slows later.

Like physical growth, motor development shows predictable patterns of cephalocaudal head to foot and proximodistal torso to extremities development, with movements at the head and in the more central areas coming under control before those of the lower part of the body or the hands and feet.

The dorsolateral frontal cortex is responsible for strategic processing. The parietal cortex is important in controlling perceptual-motor integration and the basal ganglia and supplementary motor cortex are responsible for motor sequences. Intra-limb correlations, like the strong relationship and distance between hip and knee joints, were studied and proved to affect the way an infant will walk.

There are also bigger genetic factors like the tendency to use the left or right side of the body more, predicting the dominant hand early. Sample t-tests proved that there was a significant difference between both sides at 18 weeks for girls and the right side was considered to be more dominant Piek et al.

Some factors, like the fact that boys tend to have larger and longer arms are biological constraints that we cannot control, yet have an influence for example, on when an infant will reach sufficiently.SOCIAL SELF-HELP GROSS MOTOR FINE MOTOR LANGUAGE yrs.

yrs. yrs. yrs. 18 12 mos. 9 mos. 6 mos. Birth CHILD DEVELOPMENT CHART – FIRST FIVE YEARS Harold Ireton, Ph.D. yrs. Stages Of Child Development Chart best choice! % Secure and Anonymous.

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Child development chart

Effective treatment for erectile dysfunction regardless of the cause or duration of the problem or the age of the patient Stages Of Child Development Chart. Child Development 0 - 19 Words | 19 Pages. Unit Describe the expected pattern of children and young people's development from birth to 19 years, to include: * Physical development * Communication and intellectual development * Social, emotional and behavioural development.

Development (Sexual Maturation) • Puberty: onset of physical and sexual development • Confusion • Sense of loss of control • Fear and Anxiety • Experimentation with body begins • These are the “classical” teenagers Stages of Adolescent Development.

If your child is meeting the milestones, his or her development is on track. If your child continually misses milestones or reaches a milestone but then loses that new ability, he or she may need extra help from your doctor or a specialist. Phonology Development.

0 - 3 Months 3 - 6 Months 6 – 9 Months 9 – 12 Months • Birth cry – undifferentiated • Double syllables Reflexive sound making produces glottal catch and vowels (ah, eh, uh) •.

Your Child's Development: Age-Based Tips From Birth to 36 Months • ZERO TO THREE