Check new design of our homepage! This post explores how the social group that one is a part of helps define our sense of self and others, as defined by the social identity theory. PsycholoGenie Staff Last Updated: Mar 1, Through others we become ourselves.
Tajfel proposed that the groups e. Groups give us a sense of social identity: In order to increase our self-image we enhance the status of the group to which we belong.
For example, England is the best country in the world! For example, the Americans, French etc. This is known as in-group us and out-group them.
Social identity theory states that the in-group will discriminate against the out-group to enhance their self-image. The central hypothesis of social identity theory is that group members of an in-group will seek to find negative aspects of an out-group, thus enhancing their self-image.
Prejudiced views between cultures may result in racism; in its extreme forms, racism may result in genocide, such as occurred in Germany with the Jews, in Rwanda between the Hutus and Tutsis and, more recently, in the former Yugoslavia between the Bosnians and Serbs.
Henri Tajfel proposed that stereotyping i. In doing so we tend to exaggerate: We categorize people in the same way. We see the group to which we belong the in-group as being different from the others the out-groupand members of the same group as being more similar than they are.
Social categorization is one explanation for prejudice attitudes i. Examples of In-groups — Out-groups o Northern Ireland: Hutus and Tutsis o Yugoslavia: Jews and the Nazis o Politics: Labor and the Conservatives o Football: Liverpool and Man Utd o Gender: Males and Females o Social Class: These take place in a particular order.
The first is categorization.Evaluate social identity theory, making reference to relevant studies. Introduction. Outline the purpose of your essay ; This essay will attempt to make an appraisal by weighing up the strengths and limitations of the social identity theory, with studies supported.
Ergo, conformity can be explained as a result of either group pressure, due to the desire of acceptance or fear of rejection, which is outlined in the normative social identity theory, or self-association and identification, which is outlined in the social identity theory, within a group.
Since this classic study, Social Identity Theory has been associated with group behaviours such as ethnocentrism, in-‐-‐-‐group favouritism, conformity to in-‐-‐-‐group norms and stereotyping.
Social identity theory states that the in-group will discriminate against the out-group to enhance their self-image. The central hypothesis of social identity theory is that group members of an in-group will seek to find negative aspects of an out-group, thus enhancing their benjaminpohle.com: Saul Mcleod.
It also satisfactorily explains the difference between self-identity and social identity, and can be applied to explain phenomenon such as conformity, stereotypes, etc. However, the scope of the theory is largely explanatory, rather than predictive.
Social identity theory is a theory which is intended to explain how people develop a sense of belonging and membership in particular groups, and how the workings of intergroup discrimination work.
Social identity theory plays an important role in the study of social psychology.